Book of John
John's gospel, different from the other three, is about Jesus, the Son of God. John wrote this book between 80-95 A.D. According to John 20:31, he wrote it with the intention to prove Jesus is the Christ, the promised messiah for the Jews, and the Son of God. Also, that Jesus wants to lead believers into a life of divine friendship with Him. John also places an emphasis of the sonship of Jesus with the Father.
The book begins with an introduction to Jesus and to the book itself. First, we recognize that Jesus had no beginning, but that He was in the beginning already with God the Father and the Holy Spirit. He is the Word, which means he came to declare and tell about God. Also, that "all things were made by Him, and in Him was life; and the life was the light of men" (1:3-4). Then, in 1:4, we find that He was made flesh and dwelt among us (as the Son of Man). Law and truth came by Moses, but Jesus brought grace and truth (1:17). What's amazing is, those who received Him can become sons of God, if they believe in Him (1:12).
John began about Jesus' ministry by talking about John the Baptist first. He notes the prophet Esaias called out to everyone (during John's baptizing scene) that Jesus is coming, and to make His way straight. Then, the next day, John the Baptist saw Jesus coming and announced Him - before baptizing Him. John the Baptist, even birthed in flesh before Jesus, said that Jesus was before Him - acknowledging that Jesus pre-existed before His fleshly birth.
The next day, Jesus came upon Andrew and Peter, and they wanted to know where He dwells. So, Jesus told them to "come and see." So, they began following Him. The day after that, Philip and Nathanael began following Jesus as well. Jesus was then called to a wedding in Cana of Galilee, where He would then turn water into wine. This was the first of His miracles noted by John. Soon, during the Jews' Passover, Jesus went to Jerusalem for the temple. There, Fle set foot in the temple, where He found people selling merchandise of sorts. Jesus formed a whip and then drove them all out of the temple and overthrew their table they were selling on.
Jesus taught many, including Nicodemus about new birth and the kingdom of God. Soon, He taught about God loving the world so much, that He was given, and for those who believed in Him should not perish, but have eternal life. Atso, that He didn't come to condemn men, but to save them rather. Those who don't believe are condemned already. Those who do evil hate the light and those who do truth come to the light. Jesus then taught a woman of Samaria about the water that leads to everlasting life. Also, that the true worshippers should worship God in spirit and in truth.
Next, after teaching a bit, Jesus then went to convert a group of Samaritans (and speak of His own rejection as a prophet), and forward to Cana to heal a nobleman's son (who was dying). Jesus then traveled to Jerusalem, where He healed an impotent man who was afflicted for thirty-eight years. Soon, Jesus proclaimed before people that He was equal with God, and that He shares the same purpose for doing things. Later, when Jesus went to the land near the sea of Tiberius, where He fed five-thousand people with five barley loaves and two small fishes. Jesus made claim the following day that He was the bread of life, which the Jews rejected. Jesus stated that the Father draws people to Him, and that they don't have life in them unless they eat the flesh and drink the blood of Jesus (which foreshadows the communion).
Next, John notes that many of His disciples left His side. Jesus knew also, after Peter confessed Him as the Son of God, that Judas would betray Him. Soon, Jesu$ went up to the temple during the feast of the tabernacles, where He taught about the doctrine of God, Moses' law of circumcision, about being sent from the Father, and that the Spirit is living water. Then, Jesus went to the Mount of Olives early in the morning, where He saw the scribes and Pharisees, whom He had trouble with in the past in regards to persecutions of His teaching and miracles. He also saw a woman with them who had sinned in adultery. Jesus was writing on the ground with His finger, when the scribes and Pharisees came over and were telling Him that the woman should be stoned because of violating Moses' law. They kept bugging Jesus, until He stood up for the woman and said, "he that is without sin among you, let Him first cast a stone at her." They left Jesus and the woman alone. Jesus told the woman she was not condemned, and that she should "go and sin no more."
Jesus then taught about many things, such as Himself being the light of the world, unbelief, and about being the children of Abraham. Apart from this teaching, healing a blind man, and dealing with the troubling Pharisees - Jesus spoke about being the door of the sheep, that He is the good shepherd: also, giver and taker of life. Soon, the Jews wanted to take and arrest Him, but Jesus escaped.
Now, Lazarus, Jesus' friend, was found sick, and Jesus was told about it. Jesus waited two days, and then come to visit Lazarus - only to find Him dead. Later, Jesus came to where Lazarus was laid, and raised him from the dead, which made the Pharisees very angry. The chief priests and Pharisees gathered before the high priest, Caiaphas, where they plotted to have Jesus killed. Later, after being anointed by Mary, Jesus came to Jerusalem on a donkey, where people celebrated Him with palm branches. Jesus then had some trouble with the Jews and Gentiles concerning their service and belief patterns.
Now, during the feast of Passover (the last supper in the other gospels), after the supper was done, Jesus humbled Himself and washed the disciples' feet. He then taught about the great commandment to "love one another as I have loved you." He also prophesied that Peter would deny Him three times before the cock crowed. Next, Jesus taught about Himself being the way, the truth, and the life to which no one comes to the Father but by Him. Those who ask in His name, He shall give to them. He also promised that the Holy Spirit will come upon them, and shall be with them to comfort them. After that, Jesus taught that He was the true vine and His people were the branches. Also, that through abiding in Him, He shall abide in His people also. He then spoke of the great commandment again, before teaching on persecution.
After teaching some more and being in deep intercession with God, Jesus was then betrayed by Judas and arrested. Jesus was brought to trial before Caiaphas, before being denied by Peter three times. Jesus then came before Pilate, who didn't find Him guilty. After trying to reason with the people, the people voted Jesus to be crucified over Barabbas the robber. People chose Barabbas, that is, over Jesus to be called innocent or free from crucifixion. After this incident, Pilate took Jesus for scourging, and then brought Him back before the people assuring them that He was guilty. When Pilate saw that he had no choice, he handed Jesus over for crucifixion -where Jesus was mocked and beaten. The time came soon after for Jesus to be crucified, where He later gave up His spirit and departed. He was placed inside a tomb, where He would arise in a few days.
Mary Magdalene was the first to see that Jesus was gone from the tomb. She went and got Peter, who came with another disciple or group of people - and saw that Jesus was gone- Later, Jesus appeared to Mary, and then to His disciples. Thomas was doubtful, so Jesus allowed him to feel with his finger on His hands, and his hand to His sides - to which Thomas believed.
Soon, Jesus showed Himself before the disciples again, where He ate with them and met with Peter about feeding His sheep & continuing to follow Him. John, to end the book, claimed that Jesus did many other things, but that the world couldn't contain the books of which things that should be written.